[1]初建宇,陈灵利.防灾避难场所选址规划研究综述[J].世界地震工程,2014,(01):139-144.
 CHU Jianyu,CHEN Lingli.Review of studies on location planning for emergency shelter[J].,2014,(01):139-144.
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防灾避难场所选址规划研究综述
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《世界地震工程》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
139-144
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-03-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review of studies on location planning for emergency shelter
作者:
初建宇12 陈灵利1
1. 天津大学 建筑工程学院, 天津 300072;
2. 河北联合大学 建筑工程学院, 河北 唐山 063009
Author(s):
CHU Jianyu12 CHEN Lingli1
1. School of Civil engineering, janjin University, Tianjin 300072, China;
2. College of Civil Engineering and Architectural, Hebei United University, Tangshan 063009, China
关键词:
防灾避难场所选址标准指标模型
Keywords:
disaster emergency shelterlocationstandardindexmodel
分类号:
X9
摘要:
综述了相关标准对防灾避难场所规模和安全性等的要求,分析了在评价指标、选址程序和理论模型等方面的研究动态,并进行了评论。指出现行标准存在对场所分类和规模的要求不一致,评价指标体系不完善以及选址模型过于理想化,对约束条件考虑不足和求解难度大等问题。提出了构建考虑足够约束条件并能实现简单求解的选址模型,以及利用GIS技术划分场所责任区和优化场所布局等需要重点研究的问题。
Abstract:
This paper reviews the research status of location planning for emergency shelter, details the requirements of relevant standards in site scale and safety,and discusses the evaluation index, selection procedures and location theory models and so on. It indicates the existing problems in the studies that shelter classification, place scale requirements are not the same in current standards, evaluation index system is still imperfect and location models are too idealistic, the site constraint conditions are insufficient and solving difficult. The key problems in next research are building a location planning model that considers sufficient constraint condition and gives simple solution,and utilizing GIS technology to devide responsibility area and optimize site arrangement.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-8-20;改回日期:2013-10-21。
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2011BAK07B01-04,2013BAJ10B09-2);河北省自然科学基金(E2013209262)
作者简介:初建宇(1969-),男,副教授,主要从事防灾避难场所规划设计理论和多灾害耦合风险评价的研究工作.E-mail:tschujy@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01