[1]初建宇,苏幼坡,马东辉.防灾避难场所应急宿住区设计[J].世界地震工程,2014,(02):080-85.
 CHU Jianyu,SU Youpo,MA Donghui.Study on design of emergency lodging plot in disasters mitigation congregate emergency shelter[J].,2014,(02):080-85.
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防灾避难场所应急宿住区设计
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《世界地震工程》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2014年02期
页码:
080-85
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on design of emergency lodging plot in disasters mitigation congregate emergency shelter
作者:
初建宇12 苏幼坡2 马东辉3
1. 河北联合大学 建筑工程学院, 河山 唐山 063009;
2. 河北省地震工程研究中心, 河北 唐山 063009;
3. 北京工业大学 抗震减灾研究所, 北京 100124
Author(s):
CHU Jianyu12 SU Youpo2 MA Donghui3
1. College of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Hebei United Umiversity, Tangshan 063009, China;
2. Earthquake Engineering Research Center of Hebei Province, Tangshan 063009, China;
3. Institute of Earthquake Engineering, Beijing University of Industry, Beijing 100124, China
关键词:
防灾避难场所应急宿住区控制指标设计要求
Keywords:
disasters mitigation emergency congregate shelteremergency lodging plotcontrol indexdesign requirement
分类号:
X9-65
摘要:
从避难容量、宿住场地、消防和疏散以及应急辅助设施等方面,提出了防灾避难场所应急宿住区的设计要求。避难容量采用避难场所应急宿住区的有效避难面积和人均有效避难面积的指标计算。应急宿住区按避难人数和宿住规模划分为组、组团、单元和区四级,以避难帐篷最密集布置计算并给出了分级控制指标。提出了应急宿住区防火分区、防火间距和疏散距离的规定以及应急辅助设施的分级配置要求。
Abstract:
This paper proposes design requirement of emergency lodging plot according to refuge capacity, lodging site, fire control, evacuation and emergency supplementary facilities. Some conclusions are drawn. The calculation of refuge capacity uses indices of effective refuge area of emergency plot and per capita effective refuge area. Emergency lodging plot are divided into teams, groups, units, districts according to refugee numbere and residential scale, and the hierarchical control indices are issued from taking the most dense refuge tents layout as calculating. It proposes hierarchical requirements of fire protection compartment, fire protection space interval,evacuation distance and supplementary facilities allocation for emergency response.

参考文献/References:

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[3] 苏幼坡, 王兴国. 城镇防灾避难场所规划设计[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2012 Su Youpo, Wang Xingguo. Planning and design of emergency shelter in cities and towns. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2012(in Chinese)
[4] 北京工业大学抗震减灾研究所, 河北省地震工程研究中心. GB50413 -2007城市抗震防灾规划标准[S].北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2007 Seismic Disaster Mitigation Institute of Beijing University of Technology, Earthquake Engineering Research Center of Hebei Province. Standard for urban planning on earthquake resistance and hazardous prevention. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2007(in Chinese)
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[6] 王亚勇.概论汶川地震后我国建筑抗震设计标准的修订[J].土木工程学报, 2009, 42(5):1-12 Wang Yayong. An overview of recent revision of seismic design codes after the 5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake[J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2009, 42(5):1-12(in Chinese)
[7] 苏幼坡. 城市灾害避难与避难疏散场所[M].北京:中国科学技术出版社, 2006 Su Youpo. Urban Disaster Refuge and Refuge Shelter for Evacuation. Beijing: China Science and Technology Press, 2006 (In Chinese)
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[9] 公安部上海消防研究所. GB50140——2005建筑灭火器配置设计规范[S]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2005 Shanghai Fire Research Institute of Ministry of Public Security. Code for design of extinguisher distribution in buildings. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2005(in Chinese)

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-8-2;改回日期:2013-12-15。
基金项目:工程建设国家标准(2008-102-22);国家科技支撑计划(2011BAK07B01-04,2013BAJ10B09-2),河北省自然科学基金(E2013209262)
作者简介:初建宇(1969- ),男,副教授,主要从事防灾避难场所规划设计理论与方法的研究工作.E-mail:jychu@heuu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01