[1]马晨晨,王威,马东辉,等.防灾避难场所应急标识系统优化设计研究[J].世界地震工程,2018,34(04):049-59.
 MA Chenchen,WANG Wei,MA Donghui,et al.Optimization design for emergency sign system of disaster mitigation emergency congregate shelter[J].,2018,34(04):049-59.
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防灾避难场所应急标识系统优化设计研究
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《世界地震工程》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
34
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
049-59
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Optimization design for emergency sign system of disaster mitigation emergency congregate shelter
作者:
马晨晨1 王威12 马东辉12 苏经宇12
1. 北京工业大学 抗震减灾研究所, 北京 100124;
2. 北京工业大学 建筑与城市规划学院, 北京 100124
Author(s):
MA Chenchen1 WANG Wei12 MA Donghui12 SU Jingyu12
1. Institute of Earthquake Resistance and Disaster Reduction, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China;
2. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
关键词:
防灾避难场所应急标识优化设计设计原则
Keywords:
disaster mitigation emergency congregate shelteremergency signsoptimization designdesign principle
分类号:
P315;X43
摘要:
防灾避难场所应急标识在防灾避难场所中属于基础设施部分,在场所的建设中必不可少,一个完善的标识系统在疏散和安置灾民、减少伤亡等方面发挥着重要作用。首先分析了目前防灾避难场所应急标识系统存在的问题;其次,以标识牌系统的完整性、美观性、安全性和平灾结合为优化设计原则,通过问卷调查,确定影响应急标识设计的各项指标及重要度,进行防灾避难场所应急标识优化设计;最后,以泰州中学新校区中心避难场所为例,结合防灾避难场所的防灾类型、使用功能和要求以及地方的风俗文化与环境,从大小、类型、高度和颜色等方面对防灾避难场所应急标识系统进行规划方案整体优化设计。
Abstract:
As a part of the infrastructure for disaster mitigation emergency congregate shelter (DMECS), emergency signs are essential in the construction of the site, and play an important role in evacuating and resetting victims and reducing casualties. Firstly, the problems existing in the emergency sign system of the DMECS were analyzed. Secondly, taking the completeness, aesthetics, safety and safety-disaster combined as the principle of optimization design, through the questionnaire survey, both indicators and importance of affecting the design of emergency signs were determined to carry out the optimum design of emergency signs. Finally, taking new campus center of Taizhou middle school as an example, the overall optimization design of the emergency sign system of the DMECS was made from the aspects of size, type, height, color by combining with the disaster prevention types, functions and requirements of the DMECS, as well as local customs, culture, environment and so on.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-1-12;改回日期:2018-8-6。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51678017);北京市教育委员会科技计划一般项目(KM201610005029)
作者简介:马晨晨(1992-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事城市防灾规划的研究.E-mail:625294087@qq.com
通讯作者:王威(1981-),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事城市安全与防灾规划的研究.E-mail:ieeww@bjut.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01